The full form of BSS is the Base station subsystem. The base station subsystem (BSS) handles the radio access functions and includes the base transceiver system (BTS) and the base station controller (BSC).
|BSS||Base station subsystem|
What is BSS
The base station subsystem (BSS) is the section of a traditional cellular phone network that is responsible for handling traffic and signaling between a mobile phone and the network switching subsystem. The BSS performs voice channel transcoding, radio channel mapping to mobile phones, searching, transmitting and receiving over the air interface, and many other tasks related to the radio network.
Types of BSS
The BSS is composed of two parts:
- The Base Transceiver Station (BTS)
- The Base Station Controller (BSC)
Base Transceiver Station (BTS)
The BTS houses the radio transceivers that define a cell and handles the radio link protocols with the MS. In a large urban area, a large number of BTS can be deployed.
The BTS corresponds to the transceivers and antennas used in each cell of the network. A BTS is usually placed in the center of a cell. Its transmission power defines the size of a cell. Each BTS has between 1 and 16 transceivers, depending on the density of users in the cell.
The base station controller (BSC)
The BSC manages the radio resources for one or more BTS. It manages the configuration of radio channels, frequency hopping and handovers. The BSC is the connection between the mobile and the MSC. The BSC also translates the 13 Kbps voice channel used over the radio link to the standard 64 Kbps channel used by the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSDN) or ISDN.
Assign and release frequencies and time slots for MS. The BSC also handles the handover between cells. Control the power transmission of the BSS and MS in your area. The role of the BSC is to allocate the necessary time slots between the BTS and the MSC.
Related Full Forms List
|FBO Full Form – Fixed Base Operator|
|LTE Full Form – Long Term Evolution|
|GSM Full Form – Global System for Mobiles|
|IDS Full Form – Intrusion detection system|
|CISF Full Form – Central Industrial Security Force|
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